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Title: Disaster risk reduction management in the city of Tehran : how do construction practitioners prepare for a potential earthquake? : an investigation based on research in Tehran-Iran
Author: Golestaneh, Amir Reza
ISNI:       0000 0004 7428 7470
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 2018
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Natural disasters such as earthquakes are disruptive environmental events which severely impact the livelihoods of people, the integrity of infrastructures and buildings, and the global economy. The identification and comprehension of the total effects of earthquakes upon infrastructures and buildings along with working towards improving seismic protection methods and earthquake resistant buildings has been extensively studied by many researchers. Numerous studies have focused on identifying the effects of earthquakes in urban areas as the collapse of buildings during earthquakes poses one of the greatest threats to human life. The capital city of Iran, Tehran, is an earthquake-prone zone located in the active Alpine-Himalayan seismic belt and has experienced many earthquakes over the centuries. Due in part to rapid population growth, the increase of urban development and insufficient safety regulations, levels of human vulnerability to the impacts of a strong earthquake have risen steadily as the city continues to develop. In order to mitigate the potential impact of such an event, there are several strategies which should be implemented in the further urban development of the city. This thesis serves to present various strategies relating to Tehran's construction practitioners and engineering communities in their mission to reduce the adverse impacts of a strong earthquake. In order to develop an effective overall strategy, it is essential to first develop the multidisciplinary methods of disaster mitigation planning such as the application of seismic standards and codes in construction, the retrofitting of existing buildings and infrastructures to improve vulnerable areas, the advancement of disaster management practices to address risk management rather than being limited to crisis management, the improvement of emergency response capabilities, the commission of local authorities to provide oversight and enforcement of construction regulations and seismic codes, the promotion of ethical practice in the construction industry, the establishment of a national insurance program to provide coverage for the long-term effects of natural disasters and the formation of an accountable disaster management agency with an unobstructed manifesto.
Supervisor: Raymond, Smith Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.B.A.) Qualification Level: Doctoral