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Title: Islam as a site of cultural hegemonic struggle in the post-28 February process in Turkey : a Gramscian approach
Author: Baskan, Burak
ISNI:       0000 0004 7428 2258
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis problematizes the role of Islam in maintaining and challenging the existing power relations, class structure and forms of domination in Turkey. Based on the Gramscian theoretical framework, it seeks to find answers to the question of how Islam has been used as the site of cultural hegemonic struggle in the post-28 February process in Turkey. The period studied runs from the coup d'état on 28 February 1997 until the end of the Justice and Development Party's (JDP) third term of office on 7 June 2015. Concentrating on this period enables us to understand how the laicist Kemalist hegemonic bloc constructed a hegemony on the terrain of Islam to ensure that its values, beliefs and world-view could be internalised as natural, universal and common sense. Moreover, it also enables us to comprehend how the JDP challenged that cultural hegemony after 2002 when the Party came to power. The 'how' question directs us to explore the mechanisms of consent manufacture on the religious terrain. Within this field, two mechanisms – the textbooks of the Religious Culture and Moral Knowledge (RCMK) lessons and the legislation regulating the area of religion and religion-related issues – are analysed by means of Critical Discourse Analysis. The RCMK textbooks, as the instruments for the construction and dissemination of particular discourses, reveal the discourses which have dominated both the education system and other spaces of the state as a whole. Legislation, with its discursive dimension, is important for constructing discourses related to religion and the daily lives of Muslims, and for disclosing the clash of laicist and Islamic values within both political and civil society. They are also significant tools for the maintenance of the existing class structure in which the Kemalist bloc was historically dominant, and for the challenge to the class structure by the JDP after 2002.
Supervisor: Joseph, Jonathan ; Hobson, John M. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available