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Title: Ground state cooling of the radial motion of a single ion in a penning trap and coherent manipulation of small numbers of ions
Author: Hrmo, Pavel
ISNI:       0000 0004 7427 7651
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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This thesis extends the recently reported ground state sideband cooling of the axial motion of a single ion to a broader frequency range of the axial motion, the radial motion and ion crystals. Once cold, coherent control of these different configurations is demonstrated. The experimental work in this thesis uses 40Ca+ ions that can be coherently addressed on a narrow linewidth optical transition at 729 nm. The technique of axialization that resonantly couples the two radial modes of motion is used to enhance laser Doppler cooling leading to mean phonon occupation numbers in the low hundreds for both modes. The sideband cooling technique is then used to simultaneously cool both the motional modes to within one phonon of the ground state for the first time evers. Sideband cooling is then also employed to cool the axial modes of many ion Coulomb crystals in two different configurations. For two ions in a 1D chain, motional occupation numbers of nbar_COM=0.30(4) and nbar_B=0.07(3) are achieved. For two ions in a planar 2D configuration the result for the two modes are nbar_T=nbar_COM < 0.1. This technique is scaled up to demonstrate ground state occupation of up to 10 ions in the planar configuration. The axial mode of motion of a single motion is used to characterise the coherent addressing capabilities in our system through optical and motional Ramsey spectroscopy. We observe optical coherence times of 1.78(4) ms and motional coherence times of 590(12) ms. Dynamical decoupling techniques are shown to extend these coherence times. Furthermore, basic decoherence models are validated in high-lying non-thermal motional states that are prepared by a sideband heating technique. Progress towards entangling gates is demonstrated using a bichromatic laser beam to prepare non-classical states of motion.
Supervisor: Thompson, Richard Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral