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Title: Physico-chemical properties of polypropylene glycols
Author: Gupta, Saloni
ISNI:       0000 0004 7427 512X
Awarding Body: University of Greenwich
Current Institution: University of Greenwich
Date of Award: 2015
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Poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) samples of different molecular mass were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry, modulated differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry and thermally stimulated current (TSC) spectroscopy. It was shown, by TSC, that the glass transition temperature and the degree of molecular mobility increased with increasing molecular mass of PPG. Additional experiments showed that PPGs of molecular mass 425, 1000 and 2000 Da undergo one global relaxation process; however, PPG 2700 (Da) undergoes an additional relaxation process after the glass transition which has been attributed either to the release of the excess charge delocalised in the polymer structure or a liquid-liquid transition. Thermally induced phase separation in aqueous solutions of PPG has been examined using a variety of techniques including high sensitivity scanning calorimetry (HSDSC), hot stage microscopy, small angle neutron scattering, and turbidity measurements. The data suggest that phase separation is a consequence of PPG aggregation (droplets); the aggregates grow in size, as the temperature is raised further. It is postulated that phase separation occurs via nucleation and growth, which is corroborated by model fitting the calorimetric data using a mass action aggregation model. It is concluded that phase separation of PPG occurs as a result of the disruption of a hydrogen bonded network between water and PPG. The effect of five sugars (mannitol, maltose, raffinose, sucrose and trehalose) on the Tm (transition temperature) of aqueous PPG 1000 solutions was studied by HSDSC and turbidity measurements. All the sugars decreased the phase separation temperature of the PPG solutions, with trehalose and maltose showing the greatest effect. A series of experiments, using HPLC, showed that phase separated PPG (1000 Da) increased the apparent aqueous solubility of naphthalene.
Supervisor: Mendham, Andrew ; Leharne, Stephen ; Chowdhry, Babur Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP Chemical technology