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Title: Episodic memory, theta-activity and schizophrenia
Author: Doidge, Amie
ISNI:       0000 0004 7427 3183
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2018
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People with schizophrenia are known to have difficulties with episodic memory (EM). The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between theta-power and: i) behavioural measures of EM performance, ii) event- related potential (ERP) indices of recollection and, iii) measures of schizophrenia symptomatology. In doing so, the aim was to gain a better understanding of the basic neural mechanisms that contribute to successful EM performance, and how these may differ for people with schizophrenia. The present investigation adopted an endophenotypic approach and collected measures of schizotypy from student participants to minimise patient factors that can confound interpretations. Fifty- four participants were asked to complete a reality-monitoring exclusion EM paradigm whilst electroencephalogram (EEG) data were collected. Measures of theta-power and ERPs were time-locked to words presented during the retrieval phase. There was a significant positive correlation between theta-power over Fz between 600-1000ms post-stimulus presentation and estimates of recollection in the imagine condition as well as a significant negative correlation between these measures of theta-power for perceive items and ERP indices of recollection for imagine items. There was also a significant positive correlation between measures of frontal theta-power in the imagine condition and negative schizotypy. The epoch employed means it is likely these measures of theta- power reflect processes contributing to the content-specific retrieval of imagined items, and post-retrieval processes acting in service of differentiating imagined items in EM. Results are discussed in terms of suggestions for interventions and directions for future research.
Supervisor: Karl, Anke ; Limond, Jennifer Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Episodic Memory ; Theta ; Frequency ; Electroencephalography ; EEG ; Schizophrenia ; Schizotypy