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Title: Interpersonal trauma, substance misuse and pregnancy : a phenomenological exploration of pregnant women and midwives in Scotland
Author: Waddell, Naomi M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7427 1604
Awarding Body: Edinburgh Napier University
Current Institution: Edinburgh Napier University
Date of Award: 2018
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Background: The relationship between interpersonal trauma (IPT) and substance misuse is complex and multi-factorial, but has not been examined fully in the existing few studies involving pregnant women who misuse substances. UK based midwifery education and practice is unique, but there is limited evidence regarding midwives experiences and perceptions of supporting this client group. Aims: The aim of this study was to chronologically map out pregnant women's past experiences of abuse and substance use, explore their experiences and perceptions of their journey to motherhood and explore midwives' experiences and perceptions of supporting this client group. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted. Five eligible pregnant women supported by specialist midwifery services in Central Scotland were recruited. Data were collected using a life history calendar (LHC), followed by an in-depth, semi-structured interview. Six eligible midwives were recruited from one NHS board in Central Scotland. In depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out. Findings: Individual LHCs were converted into chronological timelines. Transcribed interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The life history calendars revealed the pregnant participants' experiences of IPT and substance misuse as complex, interconnected and ongoing, including during pregnancy and motherhood. Three major overarching themes emerged from the pregnant participants' interview transcripts: “psychological trauma”, “dabbling to addiction” and “addiction and the identity of pregnancy and motherhood”. Three major overarching themes emerged from the midwifery participants' interview transcripts: “psychological trauma”, “stigma” and “managing unmanageable situations”. Conclusions: This study sheds new light on the lived experiences and perceptions of a previously under-researched and largely misunderstood group of vulnerable women. It highlights some of the challenges faced by midwives in clinical practice. Important areas for future research are highlighted, along with implications for multi-disciplinary education, policy and practice.
Supervisor: Karatzias, Thanos ; Brown, Michael ; Mahoney, Catherine Sponsor: Edinburgh Napier University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Pregnancy ; IPT ; substance misuse ; midwifery education ; 618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics & geriatrics ; RG Gynecology and obstetrics