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Title: Cell therapy for acute liver injury : in vivo efficacy of mesenchymal stromal cells in toxic and immune-mediated murine hepatitis
Author: Alfaifi, Mohammed
ISNI:       0000 0004 7426 1828
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2018
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The ability of umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UC-MSCs) to immunomodulate offers therapeutic potential in liver injury but the inherent heterogeneity of unsorted MSC populations may explain varied/reduced function as well as posing regulatory challenges. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of purified CD362+ MSC infusion in murine models of acute liver injury. UC-MSCs were injected intravenously into mice injured by single dose of Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) & OVA-BIL mice. MSC used were either unsorted or sorted CD362+. The extent of liver damage was determined by liver histology, serum analysis, gene expression and FACS analysis 3 or 5 days after cell infusion. Homing and bio-distribution of stem cells was determined by whole mouse cryo-imaging of Q-dot labelled MSC following infusion of UC-MSC into injured mice. CD362+ MSC were as effective as unsorted MSC in ameliorating liver injury, with reductions in serum ALT seen in both models. In contrast heat-inactivated MSC had no effect on liver injury. MSC also led to a reduction in CD45+staining on liver sections in both models of liver injury corroborated by an accompanying reduction in hepatic CD45+ cells in (FACS analysis of liver digest). In addition, there was a significant reduction in hepatic CD19+ B cells in digested liver in CCl4 injury. CD362+ MSCs were found to have the ability to reduce the level of adhesion molecules (ICAM and VCAM) in Ova-Bil mice. Cryo-imaging of time-course in both animal models indicated that MSC had migrated to the lung within 1 hour and were then cleared rapidly, although there was a liverspecific increase in MSC 2-3 day in Ova-Bil mice. CD362+ human MSC exert potent anti-inflammatory activity in toxic and immune-mediated murine liver injury with demonstrable reductions in infiltrating inflammatory leucocytes and B cells.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Government of Saudi Arabian ; Saudi Arabian Cultural Bureau (UK) ; King Khalid University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Q Science (General) ; QR180 Immunology