Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Microbial encapsulation and interactions in emulsions
Author: El Kadri, Hani
ISNI:       0000 0004 7426 0665
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2018
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
Previous studies indicated that emulsions with nano-sized droplets or nano-emulsions possess anti-microbial activity. The microstructure of water-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) emulsions present interest for microbial encapsulation in food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications. Therefore microbe-emulsion interactions need to be characterised in order to fully explore the potential of such applications. This thesis investigated the effect of nano-emulsions on bacteria as well as W1/O/W2 emulsion feasibility for encapsulation and triggered release (altering osmotic pressure) of bacteria and in real life application by incorporating in set-style yogurt model system for protection of probiotics were investigated. Exposure of bacterial cells to nano-emulsions was found to have no significant effect on the survival or growth bacteria and cell membrane integrity was not compromised. Bacteria had no effect on the stability of nano- and double emulsions. The release of bacteria form W1/O/W2 emulsion occurred due to the bursting of the oil globules independent of diffusion mechanisms and be controlled by altering the structure of W1/O/W2 emulsion. W1/O/W2 emulsion had a significant effect on texture and physicochemical properties of yogurt but no effect on bacterial growth kinetics while probiotics maintained high viability at the end of the fermentation. In summary, this thesis demonstrates the feasibility and applicability of W1/O/W2 emulsion for the encapsulation of microbial cells for the purpose of their protection and triggered release. The results of this thesis can be used in the formulation of better probiotic products, segregation, protection, and release of microbial cells during fermentation as well as for in vivo delivery of fermentation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP Chemical technology