Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Incidence of child labour in Indonesia : determinants, trade-off between work and school, non-leisure time allocation and son preference
Author: Abang Ali, Dayang Haszelinna
ISNI:       0000 0004 7425 509X
Awarding Body: Swansea University
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2016
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This thesis explores the determinants of child labour in Indonesia. The analysis is extended to examine how child, household and community characteristics impact child labour and school attendance in 33 provinces in Indonesia. By using individual-level data from the Indonesia National Socioeconomic Survey (SUSENAS) of 2005 and 2007 developed by Statistics Indonesia, this thesis compares the nature and determinants of child labour and/or school attendance over two years of survey by probit and bivariate probit models. Using the same datasets, this thesis also examines the determinants of children's work and/or schooling by implementing multinomial logit models. The gender gap observed among male and female children in work might reflect the existence of son preference in a family. Thus, to investigate son preference, multiple classification analysis (MCA) and tobit models were implemented on the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS4), which was conducted in 2007. The decisions whether to send children to work or to school is made by the household, which trade-offs expected present and future benefits and resource distribution among all of its members, including older children, under the current resource constraints. Therefore, the process and conditions where a child stops attending school vary at different points of time even for a single child, and certainly differ among siblings in the same household. Economic, socio-cultural and demographic factors affect a child's status. Low-income households send some or all of their children to work, which is supported by the Luxury Axiom proposed by Basu and Van (1998). Biological children are sent to school rather than work, and they are less likely to become 'idle' children. Parent's education, household size, birth order and sibling compositions significantly reduce child labour and children in neither work nor school category. In contrast, children are more likely to go to school and combine work and school. Land ownership shows a weak effect on child's status, and the availability of basic services help reduce the probability of working and increasing the probability of schooling. The gender gap observed among boys and girls may reflect the existence of son preference in a family, and this is confirmed by the findings of the MCA analysis on the married women aged 15-49 years. Although it cannot be concluded that son preference was also observed in the incidence of child labour, the gap in the number of hours spent on household chores and market work was explained by gender differences.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available