Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.752337
Title: The securitization of HIV/AIDS in Thailand and Myanmar
Author: Rollason, Gillian K.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7425 4804
Awarding Body: Swansea University
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
In January 2000 the United Nations Security Council met to discuss HIV/AIDS. It was the first time the Council had convened solely to consider the security implications of health, a non-traditional security issue. This thesis examines the Copenhagen School theory of securitization, a formulaic tool proposed to bridge the conceptual gap between traditional narrow definitions of security and wider, nontraditional interpretations of the concept. Following a review of the literature, two conclusions are offered; first, that at the heart of the 'radically constructivist' process of securitization is the construction of an existential threat which employs the realist logic of threat and defence. The second conclusion is that this construction am ounts to a suasive process in which fear of a proposed threat and its consequences m ust be invoked within an audience. The application of the theory to health issues, including HIV/AIDS, has facilitated im portant critiques of the ethical consequences of the security linkage and the invocation of fear related to infectious disease is problematic. Using data collected during 13 m onths in Southeast Asia, this thesis investigates whether securitization of HIV/AIDS took place within Thailand or M yanmar following the seminal events at the UNSC. Fifty qualitative interviews were conducted with elite actors in the HIV/AIDS response, including from the United Nations, and the thesis concludes that securitization at the domestic level did not occur in either country. Instead, HIV/AIDS securitization at the UNSC was part of a strategic campaign to mobilise resources for dealing with the epidemic from globally powerful actors. In Thailand and Myanmar, civil society organisations defined the domestic epidemic responses and, being largely comprised of PLWHA, assumed a rights-orientated approach to disease m anagem ent and rejected the threat-defence logic of securitization that could jeopardise their interests.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.752337  DOI: Not available
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