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Title: Physiological time-series investigations of cardiovascular regulation in healthy young adults during physical exercise
Author: Short, Andrew Lewis
Awarding Body: Swansea University
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2009
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Physiological parameters may be recorded non-invasively to gain information on cardiovascular function which can then characterise populations with various pathologies. Physical exercise produces specific autonomic nervous system (ANS) changes. There has been no comprehensive profiling of cardiovascular function during exercise or simultaneous characterisation of the influence of exercise on cardiac ventricular function and electrical activity. This work aims to address that, using a combination of physiological parameters. Between-lead agreement for ambulatory electrocardiographic (EGG) depolarisation-repolarisation (QT) interval was quantified during rest and exercise. In contrast to cardiac interval (RR) data, between-lead bias and limits of agreement for QT interval data should be quantified when reporting results from an ambulatory EGG system and between-gender QT differences should also be accounted for. EGG electrode location appears to significantly affect QT-RR hysteresis, the shortening of the post-exercise QT interval relative to that at similar heart rates during exercise or pre-exercise rest, further emphasising the need for standardisation of EGG electrode placement. Sample entropy (SampEn) measures data complexity. Few studies have compared SampEn of RR data (SampEn-RR) during exercise, whilst none have examined SampEn for the corresponding QT interval (SampEn-QT). Fractal analysis assesses data correlation and scaling structures. Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) provides a scaling exponent (a) which describes these properties. This has not been quantified for RR interval data during post-exercise recovery and has not been reported for QT interval data. Differences in a magnitudes for RR and QT data suggest that these quantities have different fractal properties. Exercise perturbs the resting QT-RR relationship via hysteresis. The QT variability index (QTVI) quantifies the relative autonomic influence on the atrial and ventricular myocardium during rest and exercise. QTVI is a consistent measure of cardiac ventricular function and as such appears to be a more useful index than other parameters based on RR or QT interval alone.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available