Title:

Quantification of mesoscopic and macroscopic fluctuations in interacting particle systems

The purpose of this PhD thesis is to study mesoscopic and macroscopic fluctuations in Interacting Particle Systems. The thesis is split into two main parts. In the first part, we consider a system of Ising spins interacting via Kac potential evolving with Glauber dynamics and study the macroscopic motion of an onedimensional interface under forced displacement as the result of large scale fluctuations. In the second part, we consider a diffusive system modelled by a Simple Symmetric Exclusion Process (SSEP) which is driven out of equilibrium by the action of current reservoirs at the boundary and study the nonequilibrium fluctuations around the hydrodynamic limit for the SSEP with current reservoirs. We give a brief summary of the first part. In recent years, there has been significant effort to derive deterministic models describing twophase materials and their dynamical properties. In this context, we investigate the law that governs the power needed to force a motion of a one dimensional macroscopic interface between two different phases of a given ferromagnetic sample with a prescribed speed V at low temperature. We show that given the mesoscopic deterministic nonlocal evolution equation for the magnetisation (a non local version of the AllenCahn equation), we consider a stochastic Ising spin system with Glauber dynamics and Kac interaction (the underlying microscopic stochastic process) whose mesoscopic scaling limit (intermediate scale between microscale and macroscale) is the given PDE, and we calculate the corresponding large deviations functional which would provide the action functional. We obtain that by deriving upper and lower bounds of the large deviation cost functional. Concepts from statistical mechanics such as contours, free energy, local equilibrium allow a better understanding of the structure of the cost functional. Then we characterise the limiting behaviour of the action functional under a parabolic rescaling, by proving that for small values of the ratio between the distance and the time, the interface moves with a constant speed, while for larger values the occurrence of nucleations is the preferred way to make the transition. This led to a production of two published papers [12] and [14] with my supervisor D. Tsagkarogiannis and N. Dirr. In the second part we study the nonequilibrium fluctuations of a system modelled by SSEP with current reservoirs around its hydrodynamic limit. In particular, we prove that, in the limit, the appropriately scaled fluctuation field is given by a Generalised Ornstein Uhlenbeck process. For the characterisation of the limiting fluctuation field we implement the HolleyStroock theory. This is not straightforward due to the boundary terms coming from the nature of the model. Hence, by following a martingale approach (martingale decomposition) and the derivation of the equation of the variance for this model combined with “good” enough correlation estimates (the socalled vestimates), we reduce the problem to a form whose HolleyStroock result in [45] is now applicable. This is work in progress jointly with my supervisor and P. Gonçalves, [13].
