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Title: Development of new cyclobutenone rearrangements and their application in target syntheses
Author: Wilson, Dharyl Charles
ISNI:       0000 0004 7234 2333
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2018
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Cribrostatin 6, is a natural product that has been shown to be active against cancers as well as being an antimicrobial agent. The mode of action is via reactive oxygen species generation, which cancer cells are particularly susceptible to. Cribrostatin 6, has been synthesised many times with the synthesis improving and simplifying with each iteration. We sought to use the approach developed by the Harrowven group to synthesise a series of analogues to understand and improve the activity of the ROS generating cribrostatin 6 analogues by adding substituents such as phenyl, 2-furanyl, 4-(tert-butyl)phenyl and 4-(trimethylsilyl)phenyl groups. A second theme relates to an unusual thermal rearrangement of aminocyclobutenones. It was observed that aminocyclobutenones form 5H-furanones on thermolysis due to a previously unknown steric buttressing effect. Furthermore these aminocyclobutenones can undergo an unprecedented rearrangement that involves a metal free CH activation that leads to dihydrofuropyridinones. Use of an adjacent bulky substituent allows the reaction to proceed to the dihydrofuropyridinones in a concerted fashion at lower temperatures. Detailed herein is a study using silyl substituents as a bulky surrogate to allow further functionalisation of these interesting products in a protodesilyation, halodesilylation and palladium coupling reaction. A third theme relates to the first total synthesis of alpkinidine. In an attempt to generate the key quinone function in this molecule, a colleague unexpectedly formed a 5H-furanone halting their planned synthesis. With the newly understood steric buttressing effect in mind we describe how we achieved the formation of the desired quinone by reducing the steric interaction of adjacent substituents. We then attempted to add the other two rings using well documented manganese(III) acetate mediated free radical chemistry.
Supervisor: Harrowven, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available