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Title: The significance of copying : replication of Kyoto's sacred spaces in early seventeenth century Edo
Author: Toyama, Terumi
ISNI:       0000 0004 7234 0522
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 2017
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The aim of my thesis is to focus on religious sites in the period around 1603 to 1657 in both Kyoto and Edo, and argue that Tokugawa shogunate intended to replicate religious spaces that already existed in Kyoto for political purposes. Through this process I will also aim to examine what it meant in Japanese city planning to copy more widely, c. 1560 to 1657. I will use an interdisciplinary approach in order to explain and analyze the complex relationship between different locations, political viewpoints, social environments, religions and architectural styles. The thesis will use existing evidence, including paintings, in order to understand these elements, since there is little other material remaining in many cases. At the same time the thesis will also discuss how such paintings were influenced by previously made works, which presents a historical background attached to it as well. In the introduction to this thesis, I will introduce the concept of replicating sacred space, discuss the relationship between city authorities and temples and shrines, and how art then reflected these aspects. The following three chapters will address one theme each: 'mountain landscape', 'famous places', and 'monuments'. Chapter 'mountain landscape' uses the two Mt. Atagos and the Hie shrines in both Kyoto and Edo as examples to indicate Tokugawa shogunate exercised the replication of the sacred sites which are closely associated with mountains. The chapter on 'famous places' will discuss Kiyomizu-dera in Kyoto, Kiyomizu-do in Edo as well as Kiyomizu at Koishikawa Korakuen as case studies, and demonstrate how the Tokugawa shogunate understood the importance of rebuilding a 'famous place' in Kyoto within their own city of Edo. And the last 'monuments' chapter uses the Daibutsu (Great Buddha) to understand the relationship between the Toyotomi clan and the Tokuwaga shogunate, and the significance of a colossal Buddha as an expression of prosperity and power.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral