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Title: Development of high-resolution cavity beam position monitors for use in low-latency feedback systems
Author: Bromwich, Talitha
ISNI:       0000 0004 7232 8849
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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The FONT beam-based, intra-train feedback system has been designed to provide beam position stabilisation in single-pass accelerators. A FONT feedback system utilising position information from three high-resolution cavity beam position monitors (BPMs) has been commissioned at the interaction point (IP) of the Accelerator Test Facility 2 (ATF2) at KEK, Japan. The ultimate goal of the feedback in the IP region is to stabilise the low-emittance electron beam to the nanometre level. The operation, optimisation and resolution performance of this IP system forms the subject of this thesis. The IP feedback system makes use of beam position measurements from the BPMs to drive an upstream kicker and provide a local correction. The BPMs have a fast decay time of ~25 ns to allow bunches within the beam train to be resolved. The operation of the IP BPMs, the noise floor, and position sensitivity to phase are discussed in detail. Attempts are made to diagnose an unwanted ~60 MHz oscillation in the cavity signals, which is bunch charge-dependent and thus likely beam generated. The BPM resolution estimate was notably improved from 50 nm to 20 nm using waveform integration in analysis of the BPM signals. A multi-parameter fit was used to address inaccurate calibrations and charge-dependencies to achieve more consistent resolution performance and produce a best-ever resolution estimate for the BPMs of 17.5 ± 0.4 nm. A novel mode of IP beam position stabilisation using two BPMs as input to the feedback has been successfully demonstrated. The beam position was stabilised to 57 ± 4 nm, as measured at an independent BPM. Feedback performance was improved to this level by sampling the waveform to optimise bunch-to-bunch correlation. Analysis suggests correction capability could be enhanced by firmware waveform integration to achieve a measurable beam stabilisation of ~40 nm in the future.
Supervisor: Burrows, Philip Sponsor: Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Linear colliders ; Beam-based feedback ; Beam position monitors ; Particle accelerators