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Title: Lattice Boltzmann study of evaporation phenomena
Author: Laghezza, Gianluca
ISNI:       0000 0004 7234 1605
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2016
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Evaporation phenomena are having a resurgent interest in the recent years thanks to new techniques that allow for better flow visualization and microfabrication techniques of surfaces with interesting wetting properties. From the theoretical point of view the development of simulation techniques for evaporation phenomena is a challenging work due to the presence of moving interfaces and multiphase flows. Thanks to its mesoscopic nature, the Lattice Boltzmann method is an ideal candidate for the simulation of evaporation phenomena. Here we present a Lattice Boltzmann algorithm capable to correctly reproduce the diffusion-limited evaporation dynamics. We apply this numerical method to study the dynamics of multiple droplets evaporating together and we compare the results with experimental measures. We show that the presence of other droplets can dramatically increase the evaporation lifetime compared to the single droplet case; we also investigate the competition between convection and collective effects. We then develop a theory to predict the instability behaviour of liquid fronts in two dimensional confined geometries and we consider the interplay between capillary forces, wettability gradients and phase changes. We use LB simulations to investigate the effect of a three dimensional geometry that cannot be taken into account in the analytical theory. Finally we investigate the effect of flows on droplet evaporation. We consider both buoyancy induced and external flows. We show that even when diffusion is the dominant mechanism, flow effects are not negligible.
Supervisor: Yeomans, Julia Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available