Title:

Properties of Banach function algebras

This thesis is devoted to the study of various properties of Banach function algebras. We are particularly interested in the study of antisymmetric decompositions for uniform algebras and regularity of Banach function algebras. We are also interested in the study of Swiss cheese sets, essential uniform algebras and characterisations of C(X) among its subalgebras. The maximal antisymmetric decomposition for uniform algebras is a generalisation of the celebrated StoneWeierstrass theorem and it is a powerful tool in the study of uniform algebras. However, in the literature, not much attention has been paid to the study of closed antisymmetric subsets. In Section 1.7 we give a characterisation of all the closed antisymmetric subsets for the disc algebra on the unit circle, and we use this characterisation to give a new proof of Wermer’s maximality theorem. Then in Section 4.1 we give characterisations of all the closed antisymmetric subsets for normal uniform algebras on the unit interval or the unit circle. The two types of regularity points, the Rpoint and the point of regularity, are important concepts in the study of regularity of Banach function algebras. In Section 3.2 we construct two examples of compact plane sets X, such that R(X) has either one Rpoint while having no points of regularity, or R(X) has one point of continuity while having no Rpoints. There are the first known examples of natural uniform algebras in the literature which show that Rpoints and points of continuity can be different. We then use properties of regularity points to study R(X) which is not regular while having no nontrivial Jensen measures. We also use properties of regularity points in Section 4.2 to study small exceptional sets for uniform algebras. In Chapter 2 we study Swiss cheese sets. Our approach is to regard Swiss cheese sets “abstractly”: we study the family of sequences of pairs of numbers, where the numbers represent the centre and radius of discs in the complex plane. We then give a natural topology on the space of abstract Swiss cheeses and give topological proofs of various classicalisation theorems. It is standard that the study of general uniform algebras can be reduced to the study of essential uniform algebras. In Chapter 5 we study methods to construct essential uniform algebras. In particular, we continue to study the method introduced in [26] to show that some more properties are inherited by the constructed essential uniform algebra from the original one. We note that the material in Chapter 2 is joint work with J. Feinstein and S. Morley and is published in [28, 27]. The material in Chapter 3 is joint work with J. Feinstein and is published in [32]. Section 4.2 contains joint work with J. Feinstein.
