Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.748013
Title: Oxide-semiconductor-based thin-film electronic devices
Author: Zhang, Jiawei
ISNI:       0000 0004 7232 9163
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2016
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Abstract:
Oxide semiconductors have been envisaged to find applications in ubiquitous flexible electronics in daily life such as wearable electronic gadgets to offer novel user experiences. However, one of the bottlenecks to realise these applications is a lack of oxide-semiconductor components capable of wireless communications. As Bluetooth and Wi-Fi are the two dominant communication interfaces, fast enough front-end rectifiers must be developed to operate at their gigahertz (GHz) transmission frequencies. Furthermore, despite of significant developments of n-type oxide semiconductors in the last decade, widespread flexible electronics also requires high-performance p-type oxide semiconductors for use in complementary logic circuits. The objectives of this dissertation are to develop high quality Schottky barriers, achieve GHz speed Schottky diodes on rigid and flexible substrates, evaluate the noise properties of the Schottky diodes, develop p-type oxide semiconductor using sputtering technology, elucidate the hole transport mechanism in p type transistors, and demonstrate their potential applications such as radio receivers, complementary inverters and ring oscillators. First, indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) Schottky diodes were fabricated by using radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The oxygen content at the metal-IGZO interface was found to have a profound effect on the electrical performance. By introducing 3% O2 during the deposition of Pt or IGZO, the diodes exhibited excellent electrical properties without requiring any annealing treatment, thus allowing for the realisation of flexible IGZO Schottky diodes. The high-frequency properties of Pt-IGZO Schottky diodes on glass substrates were optimised by testing a range of IGZO thicknesses and diode active areas. The achieved highest cut-off frequency was beyond 20 GHz, which is to the best of our knowledge the fastest oxide-semiconductor device to date. On flexible substrates, the diodes also showed cut-off frequencies up to 6.3 GHz, well beyond the critical benchmark speed of 2.45 GHz for typical wireless communications. In order to assess the feasibility of using IGZO Schottky diodes in practical applications, measurements were taken to discern their low-frequency noise properties. In the as-deposited diodes, logarithmic dependence of the noise spectral density on the applied bias was observed, revealing that the dominant noise was generated in the space-charge region at low biases and in the series-resistance region at high biases, respectively. After annealing the diodes, very different noise mechanism was observed and the interface-trap-induced noise dominated the noise spectra. As one of the most promising p-type oxide semiconductors, SnO was also studied at low temperatures in this thesis. The experiment revealed that hole-transport mechanism was governed by either band conduction or variable range hopping in different temperature ranges. Finally, the potential for fully oxide-based electronics was demonstrated by an amplitude-modulation radio receiver comprising of an IGZO Schottky diode as the demodulator and a complementary ring oscillator based on IGZO and SnO transistors. In reference to IEEE copyrighted material which is used with permission in this thesis, the IEEE does not endorse any of the University of Manchester's products or services. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. If interested in reprinting/republishing IEEE copyrighted material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution, please go to http://www.ieee.org/publications_standards/publications/rights/rights_link.html to learn how to obtain a License from RightsLink.
Supervisor: Song, Aimin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.748013  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TFT ; SnO ; Schottky diode ; oxide semiconductor ; IGZO
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