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Title: Delineating, differentiating and understanding social enterprises and their two-way relationship with public policies : the Chilean case over the period 2006-2013
Author: Gatica Montero, Sebastián
ISNI:       0000 0004 7228 6028
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2017
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Social enterprises are an emerging phenomenon in the Chilean economy and society. They are characterised by their social aims, the adoption of market principle and logics, and their commitment to public interest. Today, the theoretical and analytical frameworks that seek to understand these organisations and their relationship with public policies mainly come from either social economy or for-profit social business schools of thought, thus lacking hybrid approaches. Moreover, such frameworks were mostly developed by researchers from developed countries. This thesis seeks to explore the field of Social Entreprises in a Latin American context, with Chile as an example, in the interest of make a contribution to the understanding of both, these socio-economic organisations and their relationship with public policies. The overall objective of this thesis is to answer the question: In the case of Chile, to what extent and why has the emergence and development of Social Enterprises been favoured by public policies during the last two national governments. The following objectives arise from this question: First, to know which are the distinctive features of Social Enterprises in Chile, and why; second, to explore which were the public policies developed and encouraged by the two national governments that supported Social Enterprises in Chile in their respective periods between 2006 and 2013, and the paradigms that nurtured them; and finally, to understand the implications of the public policies implemented by both governments on these organisations. A qualitative research approach and design were adopted. The research universe was delineated through a three prone approach: Associative, Business and Cooperative (ABC), based on the different legal traditions and single features of these organisations. Then, a research sample was selected to, firstly, differentiate and understand the various types of social enterprises included in the ABC approach, and secondly, explore public policies that concern them and the relationship between the two. These processes were developed through different tools such as semi-structured interviews, exploratory groups and workshops, among others. The main conclusions are, first, that the ABC approach functions as an alternative methodological and analytical tool to delineate, differentiate and understand all Social Enterprises traditions including some for-profit organisations, encompassing the particular historical institutional context of Chile. Second, that this approach contributes to highlight the fact that what unites Social Enterprises in Chile is stronger than what divides them; therefore, if public policies reinforce their convergence paths and respect what differentiates them, the ABC could become a human-centred approach to Social Enterprises. Third, the emergent and diverse mechanisms of incidence in public policies of Social Enterprises in Chile are not given by direct public policies, but rather by the paradigm of entrepreneurship and innovation that characterised the government of Sebastián Piñera. And finally, Social Enterprises, particularly type B ones, show a unique ability to innovate and influence public policies and foster cross-sector collaboration, which transforms them into key actors in the co-construction of more developmental public policies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available