Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.746611
Title: Quantum computation beyond the unitary circuit model
Author: Usher, N. B.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7224 9497
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2017
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Abstract:
This thesis considers various paradigms of quantum computation in an attempt to understand the nature of the underlying physics. A standard approach is to consider unitary computation on pure input states, such that the outcome of the computation is determined by single computational basis measurement on the output state. It has been shown that there exists equivalent models of computation, such as measurement based quantum computing (MBQC), which provide insight into the role of entanglement and measurement. Furthermore, constraining or relaxing available resources can directly impacts the power of the computation, allowing one to gauge their role in the process. Here, we first extend known constructions such as Matrix Product States, MBQC and the oneclean qubit model to a mixed state formalism, in an attempt to develop computational models where noise acting on the physical resources, as might be experienced in laboratory settings, may be mapped to logical noise on the computation. Next, we introduce Measurement-Based Classical Computing, an essentially classical model of computation, wherein the complexity hard wired into probability distributions generated via quantum means yields surprising non classical results. Finally, we consider postselection the ability to discard displeasing measurement outcomes and argue that it may be used in a tame way, which does not provide a dramatic increase in computational power. From here, we develop a new Hamiltonian, based on a circuit to Hamiltonian construction, presenting evidence of QMA-hardness.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.746611  DOI: Not available
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