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Title: Dynamic modelling of the processing of peptides for presentation on major histocompatibility complex class I proteins
Author: Parshotam, L. E.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7224 7360
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2017
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Antigen presentation is broadly implicated in disease and represents an important target for prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. A better understanding of the components of this system is fundamental to our understanding of disease path- ways and to treatment design. This thesis focuses on modelling the processing of peptides by enzymes in the cytosol and in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in the context of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC) antigen presentation, and expounds upon current knowledge of the mechanistic details and specificity of both the proteasome and the endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase-1 (ERAP1). We use nonlinear ordinary differential equations to model the biochemical reaction pathways of amino-terminal peptide trimming by ERAP1 and distinguish parameter dependencies of two prevailing theories for the mechanism of ERAP1 trimming us- ing algebraic and numerical analysis. Importantly, we show that ERAP1 has a role in peptide optimisation when MHC acts as a template, but not when it trims free peptide using an internal molecular ruler. We present testable hypotheses that may elucidate the dominant trimming mechanism used by ERAP1 in vivo, which has been the subject of debate for more than 25 years. We show that all ERAP1 trimming mechanism hypotheses are able to predict the qualitative distribution of cell surface presentation of SIINFEKL derived from amino-terminally extended precursors. Notably, we find that the molecular ruler trimming mechanism is more robust than the MHC-as-template mechanism. Finally, we use neural networks to predict carboxyl-terminal cleavage by the proteasome, and demonstrate that we are able to distinguish between cleavage and non-cleavage sites on an unseen set of known peptide epitopes. Overall, this thesis contributes a more thorough quantitative and mechanistic understanding of the generation of peptides presented on MHC class I molecules.
Supervisor: Coveney, P. V. ; Dalchau, N. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available