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Title: Integration of biomechanical models into image registration in the presence of large deformations
Author: Eiben, B.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7229 9988
Awarding Body: UCL (University College London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2016
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Prone-to-supine breast image registration has potential application in the fields of surgical and radiotherapy planning, and image guided interventions. However, breast image registration of three-dimensional images acquired in different patient positions is a challenging problem, due to large deformations induced to the soft breast tissue caused by the change in gravity loading. Biomechanical modelling is a promising tool to predict gravity induced deformations, however such simulations alone are unlikely to produce good alignment due to inter-patient variability and image acquisition related influences on the breast shape. This thesis presents a symmetric, biomechanical simulation based registration framework which aligns images in a central, stress-free configuration. Soft tissue is modelled as a neo-Hookean material and external forces are considered as the main source of deformation in the original images. The framework successively applies image derived forces directly into the unloading simulation in place of a subsequent image registration step. This results in a biomechanically constrained deformation. Using a finite difference scheme enables simulations to be performed directly in the image space. Motion constrained boundary conditions have been incorporated which can capture tangential motion of membranes and fasciae. The accuracy of the approach is assessed by measuring the target registration error (TRE) using nine prone MRI and supine CT image pairs, one prone-supine CT image pair, and four prone-supine MRI image pairs. The registration reduced the combined mean TRE for all clinical data sets from initially 69.7mm to 5.6mm. Prone-supine image pairs might not always be available in the clinical breast cancer workflow, especially prior to surgery. Hence an alternative surface driven registration methodology was also developed that incorporates biomechanical simulations, material parameter optimisation, and constrained surface matching. For three prone MR images and corresponding supine CT-derived surfaces a final mean TRE of 10.0mm was measured.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available