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Title: Computational modelling of electronic states, charge transfer and charge transport in organic semiconductors
Author: Rice, Elisabeth
ISNI:       0000 0004 7223 4850
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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In this thesis, we model electronic states, charge transfer and charge transport in organic semiconductors (OSCs). We are interested in the effect of chemical structure, molecular packing and different types of disorder on the charge transport in these materials, which is an important factor determining the efficiencies of devices made with OSCs. This is an intrinsically multiscale problem, and we use computational methods than span length and time-scales. We investigate the effect of molecular packing and crystal structure on charge carrier mobility in molecular crystals. We also model the electron mobility in disordered small molecules containing different defects to find the effect of these defects on the performance of devices. We perform electronic structure calculations to investigate the HOMO and LUMO levels in the presence of different defects, as well as to generate absorption, photoluminescence and infrared spectra to compare to experimental spectra. We develop a computationally efficient method for modelling polarons in organic semiconductors within a tight-binding framework. We apply the method to large assemblies of fullerene molecules generated with coarse-grained molecular dynamics. The method allows us to explore the effect of energetic and configurational disorder, as well as polaron formation, on the density of states and size of charge states in these systems. We further develop a method for calculating transfer integrals between molecules or molecular fragments, based on performing calculations of molecular orbitals in a counterpoise basis set. We apply it to calculating intramolecular transfer integrals and transfer integrals between donor and acceptor molecules at interfaces in organic photovoltaics, and between dopant and host molecules.
Supervisor: Nelson, Jenny ; Frost, Jarvist ; Jelfs, Kim Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral