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Title: Quantumness in optomechanics
Author: Latmiral, Ludovico
ISNI:       0000 0004 7232 6413
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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Cavity optomechanics has become an established and equally promising branch in quantum optics. Thanks to the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation, it has proved to be an optimal platform for a range of scopes, from weak force sensing to the study of non-classicality of mechanical motion. Besides, the capability to isolate genuine quantum features of the interaction represents a test ground to address many important questions regarding decoherence, quantum-to-classical transitions and the interface between quantum mechanics and gravity. The first part of the research embedded in this thesis is addressed towards the clear identification and characterisation of quantum features in optomechanics. The main model we will refer to is a deformable Fabry-P\'erot cavity where one of the two mirrors moves under the radiation pressure of light. After having properly assessed the quantum peculiarities of the system, and also having revised some intakes from past literature, we will focus on the study of mechanical non-linearities, as they have been proved to be a key resource to bring out and enhance quantum properties. These investigations provide the basis to eventually propose a method to deterministically prepare and measure macroscopic quantum superposition states of the movable mirror. Such massive quantum states play a key role to inspect the foundations of physics, e.g. to test the collapse of the wave function and phenomenological models of quantum gravity, as well as to develop new enhanced quantum technologies.
Supervisor: Mintert, Florian Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral