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Title: Computer-assisted electroanatomical guidance for cardiac electrophysiology procedures
Author: Constantinescu, Mihaela
ISNI:       0000 0004 7232 6341
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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Cardiac arrhythmias are serious life-threatening episodes affecting both the aging population and younger patients with pre-existing heart conditions. One of the most effective therapeutic procedures is the minimally-invasive catheter-driven endovascular electrophysiology study, whereby electrical potentials and activation patterns in the affected cardiac chambers are measured and subsequent ablation of arrhythmogenic tissue is performed. Despite emerging technologies such as electroanatomical mapping and remote intraoperative navigation systems for improved catheter manipulation and stability, successful ablation of arrhythmias is still highly-dependent on the operator’s skills and experience. This thesis proposes a framework towards standardisation in the electroanatomical mapping and ablation planning by merging knowledge transfer from previous cases and patient-specific data. In particular, contributions towards four different procedural aspects were made: optimal electroanatomical mapping, arrhythmia path computation, catheter tip stability analysis, and ablation simulation and optimisation. In order to improve the intraoperative electroanatomical map, anatomical areas of high mapping interest were proposed, as learned from previous electrophysiology studies. Subsequently, the arrhythmic wave propagation on the endocardial surface and potential ablation points were computed. The ablation planning is further enhanced, firstly by the analysis of the catheter tip stability and the probability of slippage at sparse locations on the endocardium and, secondly, by the simulation of the ablation result from the computation of convolutional matrices which model mathematically the ablation process. The methods proposed by this thesis were validated on data from patients with complex congenital heart disease, who present unusual cardiac anatomy and consequently atypical arrhythmias. The proposed methods also build a generic framework for computer guidance of electrophysiology, with results showing complementary information that can be easily integrated into the clinical workflow.
Supervisor: Yang, Guang-Zhong ; Lee, Su-Lin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral