Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.744979
Title: The prion-like properties of assembled human alpha-synuclein
Author: Morgan, Sophie
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
The pathological hallmark of many age-related neurodegenerative diseases is the presence of proteinaceous inclusions in nerve cells and glial cells. Alpha-synuclein is the main component of the inclusions of Parkinson’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and multiple system atrophy, as well as of rarer diseases, collectively called synucleinopathies. For a long time, it was widely believed that neurodegenerative diseases were cell-autonomous; however, a more recent hypothesis has suggested that some misfolded proteins resemble prions. Thus, aggregated alpha-synuclein shares features of PrPSc, the scrapie form of the prion protein. The aim of this thesis was to further characterize the prion-like properties of aggregated alpha-synuclein by studying the pathways of seeded aggregation, and to identify the species of alpha-synuclein responsible. I present evidence, using a HEK 293T cell model, that filamentous protein was the most seed-potent form of alpha-synuclein. Recombinant aggregated protein, aggregated alpha-synuclein from mice transgenic for A53T alpha-synuclein, as well as alpha-synuclein aggregates from Parkinson’s disease and multiple system atrophy brains, seeded aggregation. The mechanisms of alpha-synuclein internalization and intracellular trafficking, and how these processes affect seeded aggregation, are not fully understood. I showed that internalization of alpha-synuclein aggregates occurs through clathrin- and dynamin-independent, Cdc42-, actin- and PI3K-dependent endocytosis. Alpha-synuclein aggregates are trafficked to the endolysosomal pathway; a small fraction of lysosomes ruptures, which induces aggregation of expressed cytoplasmic alpha-synuclein, and disruption of autophagy, which in turn enhances seeded aggregation. These findings expand knowledge of the prion-like properties of assembled alpha-synuclein and identify novel mechanisms with therapeutic potential.
Supervisor: Goedert, Michel Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.744979  DOI:
Keywords: alpha-synuclein ; Prion-like ; Neurodegenerative disease ; seeded aggregation
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