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Title: Vertically-aligned oxide nanocomposite films for improved ferroelectrics and ferromagnetics
Author: Suwardi, Ady
ISNI:       0000 0004 7227 8781
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2018
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In this work, I start by introducing a relatively recently innovated thin film architecture which offers a new direction in strain control, the vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN). I first present the literature in the field, explaining the advantages and unique novel properties stemming from VAN structures. Next, I introduce the work I did to examine the unique strain states of Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3–Sm2O3 VAN structures. It was found that the strain states in the functional Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 phase are unconventional compared to those in planar thin films. 3-dimensional strain was found to be acting on the Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 phase in the VAN structure. The origin of the strain was explained using a simple model which takes into account thermal expansion mismatch as well as lattice mismatch and elastic coefficients. The ferroelectric properties of the films were presented in relation to the observed strain states. I next present the work I did on the influence of strain on the magnetic properties in VAN film of Sm0.34Sr0.66MnO3–Sm2O3. Ferromagnetism was achieved in an otherwise antiferromagnetic Sm0.34Sr0.66MnO3. The effect was explained by a strain induced transition from super-exchange to double exchange coupling in the material. Last but not least, the potential of scalability of VAN films was explored by using sputtering to grow VAN structures instead of the commonly-used PLD growth. BaTiO3–Sm2O3 was used as a primary study material due to its well reported VAN properties. Preliminary results showing indications of a VAN structure. Some basic physical property characterization is also presented and compared to the properties of PLD-grown films in the literature. Limitations and challenges that arise due to the fundamental differences between sputtering and PLD are also described.
Supervisor: Driscoll, Judith Sponsor: A*STAR ; Singapore
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Nanocomposite ; Ferroelectrics ; Ferromagnetics