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Title: Evolving notions of childhood : an example of Kazakhstan
Author: Kulakhmetova, Anel
ISNI:       0000 0004 7227 1811
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2018
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This research is aimed at understanding versatile and evolving perceptions of childhood in Kazakhstan after the independence of the country. It draws on a variety of primary data including in-depth interviews and surveys with young people and representatives of non- governmental organisations working with young people. This research employs two concepts of sociology of childhood, which address the socio-historical condition of childhood as a social experience. It explores the role children played in traditional Kazakh families in the mid-19th- beginning of the 20th century. It also addresses state policy concerning children in Kazakhstan after independence. This research presents an analysis of how young participants perceive categories of ‘child’ and ‘adult.’ The question is raised whether traditional thresholds of childhood like education, marriage, and financial independence still play a role in understanding the transition from childhood to adulthood. Further, it presents a dialogue between young participants of this research with their older contemporaries on the characteristics of the young generation born after the independence. Finally, it sheds more light on discrimination of young females in the family and society.
Supervisor: Fennell, Shailaja Sponsor: Cambridge Trust ; Aga Khan Development Network
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Childhood ; Central Asia ; Kazakhstan