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Title: Marturia and authority in the New Testament
Author: Malcolm, John W.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1963
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Abstract:
The source of the New Testament [?¹]-concept is the Old Testament, especially the Septuagint. The etymological meaning of [?¹] is 'one who remembers or reminds'; this emerges in various OT passages where the [?²] or [?¹] is the standing reminder of a covenant and its implications. The supreme [?¹] is God himself; he is the source of the Biblical testimony and his Spirit testifies to the mind of the believer. The original testimony was delivered to Moses and summarised in his Song (Dt.31 and 32). The priests and official prophets were made the servants of the tabernacle of testimony and part of their duty was to guard and transmit this testimony. Later, official and unofficial prophets were sent by God to testify to Israel and remind her of the covenant-doctrine given at the time of the Exodus. The OT torah or [?²] has many synonyms but its content remains constant within a framework of four main themes, viz. (a) The sovereignty of the one creator God, (b) His moral law, (c) His redemptive activity and (d) His promise of future blessedness or doom. The true [?¹] is the bearer of the original testimony and, as such is dependent for his authority on the self-authenticating truth of his message; he may, in some instances, be an ecstatic but essentially he is a teacher of eternally valid truths. The authority of the [?¹] is that of the teacher of the truth of God and so can have no official sanctions. The prophetic testimony or lore of the OT prophets was transmitted by John the Baptist who pointed to its fulfilment in Jesus. Jesus was the true and faithful witness who recalled Israel to the authentic doctrine which had been'distorted and debased by the official leaders, and pointed to himself as the embodiment of it. Jesus chose his disciples to instruct them in his testimony. On his departure they became the prophetic, charismatic leaders of the new Israel and guardians of the testimony and they transmitted it to others who also became [?³] and servants of the word. Jesus' testimony and that of his disciples has the same four-fold content as that of the OT fulfilled in the person and life of Jesus. The [?¹] is not simply an eye-witness who recounts what he has seen, he is one who hasrseen' the action and truth of God in sensible phenomena. The content of his testimony is both event and truth, the former without the latter has no spiritual significance and the latter without the former is suspended in a vacuum. This investigation of the NT [?4] has served to underline the weakness (l) of the Catholic view that the leaders of the earliest Church depended for their authority simply on the dominical commission and their position as eye-witnesses of the words and works of Jesus and that it was possible for them to transmit this authority to their successors in office and (2) of the 'Pormgeschichte' thesis' that "He (Jesus) who formerly had been the bearer of the message was drawn into it and became its essential content." (Bultmann) . True authority in the Church is vested in Jesus Christ himself who is both witness and testimony; it is a charismatic authority resting on him who is the truth - "the same yesterday, today and for ever".
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.743478  DOI: Not available
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