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Title: Understanding and controlling magnetic damping behaviour in synthetic ferromagnetic thin-film multilayers
Author: Azzawi, Sinan Abdul Razaq Hammood
ISNI:       0000 0004 7226 8989
Awarding Body: Durham University
Current Institution: Durham University
Date of Award: 2018
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Magnetisation precessional dynamics have a great role in ferromagnetic thinfilms and nanostructures, where the underlying mechanisms of intrinsic and extrinsic damping are crucial for spintronic and magnonic devices. This important role drives the research activity with a goal of acquiring a better understanding and the ability to tune magnetic damping properties as desired. Research has tackled these issues through many routes linked with the ferromagnetic material type or thickness, while others have tried different aspects by including other nonmagnetic or ferromagnetic elements as dopants or adjacent layers. The effect of the additional nonmagnetic materials on the magnetic damping in ferromagnetic system is the focus in this thesis, where a range of implementations of the nonmagnetic material was studied. The role of nonmagnetic layer on damping is shown in this study as the evolution of damping as the thickness of this capping layer developed gradually from none to a partial and to a full covering layer. The effect of nonmagnetic elements was also shown when the changes of the interface takes place, the magnetic damping depends on the development of the interface and the reduction of the NM capping layer is also demonstrated. These routes helps to establish an understanding of damping and the underlying mechanisms. Linking magnetic damping with other dynamic magnetisation phenomena gives an insight into the reversal behaviour mediated by domain walls in ferromagnetic systems. Studying jointly the contributions of damping and interfacial Dzyaloshinskii- Moriya Interaction gives a better insight into the factor effecting the magnetisation dynamics. As the understanding of the magnetic damping became clearer and the underlying mechanism and effects, linking between two-magnon scattering, spinpumping and spin-mixing conductance with the crystal structure give more information. This understanding and theory initiated a study to test the theory with a new route to control magnetic damping through modifying the contributions to the total magnetic damping that come from the individual atomic layers that make up a ferromagnetic thin-film. This showed outstanding results consistent with theory and demonstrating very low damping in a new synthetic ferromagnet.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available