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Title: Why do we pay tax? : is it because we are good citizens? : how tax fits with modern conceptualisations of citizenship
Author: Hart, Samantha Leigh
ISNI:       0000 0004 7230 9621
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2018
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Why do we pay tax? If an individual is acting in self-interest, it makes sense to avoid, or evade, as much tax as possible. Rather than exploring why people don't pay tax, this research looks at the reasons why people do pay tax, and asks whether a socio-contractual rights and responsibilities model of citizenship can help explain the tax compliance decision. Through qualitative interviews with the very wealthy, as well as focus group data, this research finds that people. do accept an obligation to pay tax as part of the contribution condition of citizenship, but that paying tax is not an essential part of being a good citizen; what is crucial is making a contribution either evidenced by tax, or by alternative means. Participants did not feel low earners were necessarily not fulfilling their civic duties, although it was important they were not making a negative contribution. Attitudes towards tax avoidance and tax evasion were also explored; when presented with 'real-life' scenarios, most people were more forgiving of some evasion, dependent on the evader's personal circumstances. Evading tax did not necessarily affect that person's 'good citizen' status, reinforcing the idea that paying tax, while an element of citizenship, is not definitive.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Worshipful Company of Chartered Accountants
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HG Finance