Title:

Conformal loop quantum gravity : avoiding the BarberoImmirzi ambiguity with a scalartensor theory

In the construction of Canonical Loop Quantum Gravity, General Relativity is rewritten in terms of the Ashtekar variables to simplify its quantisation. They consist of a densitised triad and a connection terms. The latter depends by definition and by construction on a free parameter β, called the Barbero–Immirzi parameter. This freedom is passed on to the quantum theory as it appears in the expressions of certain operators. Their discreet spectra depend on the arbitrary value of this parameter β, meaning that the scale of those spectra is not uniquely defined. To get around this ambiguity, we propose to consider a theory of Conformal Loop Quantum Gravity, by imposing a local conformal symmetry through the addition of a scalar field. We construct our theory starting from the usual Einstein–Hilbert action for General Relativity to which we add the action for the massless scalar field and rewrite it in terms of a new set of Ashtekarlike variables. They are constructed through a set of canonical transformations, which allow to move the Barbero–Immirzi parameter from the connection to the scalar variable. We then show that the theory can be quantised by fulfilling the conditions for a Dirac quantisation. Finally, we present some first elements of the quantum formalism. It is expected that with such a scalartensor theory, the quantum operators should not depend on the free parameter directly but rather on the dynamical scalar field, solving therefore the ambiguity.
