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Title: Platelets harbour pro- and anti-fibrinolytic proteins on their activated membrane surface that regulate fibrinolysis of thrombi formed under flow
Author: Morrow, Gael Beverley
ISNI:       0000 0004 7228 7493
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2018
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Platelets play an essential role in haemostasis by adhering to the damaged vessel wall and forming a platelet plug to arrest bleeding. Although platelets are traditionally thought of as pro-coagulant, they possess the ability to harbour functional proteins that are key to fibrinolysis, the breakdown of the blood clot, on their surface. They are therefore substantially well equipped to regulate local fibrinolysis. This thesis aims to further define the role of platelets in fibrinolysis, in particular platelet-derived plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) and plasminogen. PAI-1 is the principal physiological inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), and plasminogen is the zymogen for plasmin. In Chapter 3, we show that platelet-derived PAI-1 is released from platelet α-granules by an αIIbβ3 and fibrin dependent mechanism. We found that a significant portion of α-granular PAI1 is retained on the surface of highly activated PS-positive platelets, and activity analysis revealed the majority of PAI-1 on the platelet surface was in its active form. The functional role of platelet PAI-1 was investigated by analysis of tPA-mediated lysis of Chandler model thrombi. Our data revealed a striking dependence for platelet PAI-1 in stabilising platelet-rich thrombi against degradation. Chapter 4 characterises the expression of a novel transmembrane receptor, Plg-RKT, on the surface of human and mouse platelets. This revealed that plasminogen and Plg-RKT augment one another's binding to the platelet surface. Furthermore, analysis of plasminogen binding to the platelet surface revealed two distinct binding sites: 1) via Plg-RKT and 2) via a fibrin and αIIbβ3 dependent mechanism. Finally, Chapter 5 of this thesis discusses the optimisation of a system that monitors thrombus formation and fibrinolysis under flow. Use of this model will help to further elucidate the complex role that platelets play in controlling the balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Blood platelets ; Blood ; Fibrinogen ; Hemostasis