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Title: Reiterative drawing as translation : making, resistance, and the negotiated encounter
Author: Eccleshall, Bryan D.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7224 3378
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2016
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Reiterative art, art that remakes art, is a significant strand of twentieth and twenty-first century practice, encompassing the work of artists as diverse as Marcel Duchamp, Elaine Sturtevant, Kate Davis, and Yann Serandour. Prevailing discourses on such works often focus on replication and appropriation as the source of their critique while overlooking what might be understood by exploring their making. Founded in an examination of my own work -predominantly drawings of extant works by others - this doctoral project frames reiterative art in terms of translation and its attendant theory, transforming the act of making into a close reading of its source, and following up on the implications of that reframing. Translations plot trajectories away from their sources and towards specific targets, exposing the space, conceptual and actual, between precursor and product as one of making through remaking and where 'an extended apprenticeship' occurs (Briggs, 2013). An expanded description of translation is proposed encompassing visual and literary forms, incorporating the importance of resistance in complex making processes through the generation of sites of negotiated encounter (Sennett, 2008). Negotiation is considered here as a variant of the ongoing and contingent 'figuring out' of interlocutors, described by Jacques Ranciere as a hallmark of emancipation, and predicated on a striving for an understanding that 'must be understood in its true sense: not the decisive power to unveil things, but the power of translation that makes one speaker confront another' (The Ignorant Schoolmaster, 1991). In translation, as in the drawings produced for this research, negotiation is verifiable and tripartite: occurring between translator, source, and target works. Antoine Berman's analytic, the 'twelve deforming tendencies of translation' (found in his essay Translation and Trials of the Foreign, 1985), when deployed to analyse visual rather than linguistic reiteration, facilitates this verifiability. Berman's tendencies are revealed as a regulation of the maker's voice, allowing the artist to understand how works of art are deformed even as they are made, and furthermore providing a new vocabulary for understanding works of art, particularly those founded on reiteration.
Supervisor: Mccarthy, Penny ; Kivland, Sharon ; Brown, Chloe Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available