Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.741461
Title: Development of nanostructured PVD coatings for total knee replacement joints using HIPIMS
Author: Sugumaran, Arunprabhu A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7223 544X
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
The aim of this study was to develop thin film coatings for total knee replacement joints using high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HIPIMS). An industrial size four cathode magnetron sputtering system equipped with direct current (DC) and HIPIMS power supplies was used for this purpose. Initially, Plasma diagnostics were carried out using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) while sputtering Ti target in Ar + N2 atmosphere by utilizing various HIP IMS/conventional DCMS (henceforth UBM) source combinations by varying the process parameters such as coil current and N2 flow. Then, single layer titanium nitride (TiN) coating was deposited by varying the degree of HIPIMS utilisation and the process parameters such as bias voltage and coil current to thoroughly understand the effect of degree of HIPIMS utilisation on the microstructure, residual stress, texture, mechanical, tribological and corrosion properties of such coatings. The degree of HIPIMS utilisation was altered by increasing the number of HIPIMS targets used for the deposition. Four different source combinations were used for this purpose, as follows: 4 cathodes in conventional DCMS mode to deposit pure UBM coating, 1 HIPIMS + 3UBM and 2HIPIMS + 2UBM cathodes to deposit combined HIPIMS/UBM coatings and 2HIPIMS cathodes to deposit pure HIPIMS coatings. TiN/NbN, TiCN/NbCN and CrN/NbN multilayer coatings were deposited on CoCr alloy test buttons along with other (HSS, SS and Si) substrates since our intended application is on total knee replacement joints made of CoCr alloy. The knowledge gained by investigating the TiN (Ar + N[2]) plasma and the properties of TiN was used to determine the process parameters for depositing the multilayer coatings. X- ray diffraction (XRD) technique was used for calculating the texture, residual stress and bilayer thickness of the coatings. Nanoindentation method was used to determine the nano hardness of the coatings. The adhesion strength of the coatings was estimated by scratch and Rockwell indentation tests. Pin on disc method was used for the tribological studies such as coefficient of friction and coefficient of wear. Surface roughness measurements were carried out using a surface profiler. Microstructural characterisation of the coatings was carried out using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Potentiodynamic polarisation method was utilised to study the corrosion performance of the coatings. Raman spectroscopy was used to study the constituents of the corrosion products and evaluate the corrosion damage. OES measurements revealed that the degree of metal ions (Ti[1+]) increased with increasing degree of HIPIMS utilisation. The hardness, tribological and corrosion properties of TiN coatings improved with increasing degree of HIPIMS utilisation. TiN and multilayer coatings deposited by HIPIMS exhibited a smooth columnar microstructure without any voided region along the column boundaries. TiN/NbN, TiCN/NbCN and CrN/NbN multilayer coatings deposited on CoCr alloy, HSS and SS test buttons exhibited superior mechanical, tribological and corrosion properties as compared to the underlying substrate.
Supervisor: Hovsepian, Papken ; Ehiasarian, Arutiun ; Khan, Imran Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.741461  DOI: Not available
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