Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.740979
Title: Bimetallic alloy catalysts for green methanol production via CO2 and renewable hydrogen
Author: Li, Molly Meng-Jung
ISNI:       0000 0004 7230 4521
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Recently, the increasing level of atmospheric CO2 has been widely noticed due to its association with global warming, provoking a growth in environmental concerns toward the continued use of fossil fuels. To mitigate the concentration of atmospheric CO2, various strategies have been implemented. Among options to turn waste CO2 into useful fuels and chemicals, carbon capture and utilisation along with renewable hydrogen production as the source materials for methanol production is more preferable. In the 1960s, the highly active and economic Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst was developed for CO2 hydrogenation reaction to methanol, since then, metal nanoparticles and nanocomposites have been extensively investigated and applied. Especially, bimetallic catalysts have emerged as an important class of catalysts due to their unique properties and superior catalytic performances compared to their monometallic counterparts. This thesis presents the evolution of the catalyst development for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol: Firstly, we introduced the CuZn-based catalysts with Zn content increased in the bimetallic CuZn system via a heterojunction synthesis approach. Secondly, we increased the active CuZn sites via introducing ultra-thin layered double hydroxide as the catalyst precursor for methanol production from CO2 and H2. Thirdly, a new class of Rh-In bimetallic catalysts were studied, which shows high methanol yield and selectivity under thermodynamically unfavourable methanol synthesis conditions owing to the strong synergies of Rh-In bimetallic system. Fourthly, for the renewable methanol production from H2 and CO2, the hydrogen source must come from the green production routes. Therefore, an in-depth study of a nanocomposite system, CdS-carbon nanotubes-MoS2, for photocatalytic hydrogen production from water has been demonstrated. Finally, the conclusion of this thesis is given and an outlook is presented for the future development in this research area.
Supervisor: Tsang, Edman Sponsor: Swire Educational Trust
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.740979  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sustainable development ; Methanol--Synthesis ; Carbon dioxide ; heterogeneous catalysts ; nanocomposite photocatalysts ; bimetallic alloy ; renewable hydrogen
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