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Title: Measuring poverty in the EU : investigating and improving the empirical validity in deprivation scales of poverty
Author: Bedük, Selçuk
ISNI:       0000 0004 7229 3308
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2017
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Non-monetary deprivation indicators are now widely used for studying and measuring poverty in Europe. However, despite their prevalence, the empirical performance of existing deprivation scales has rarely been examined. This thesis i) identifies possible conceptual problems of existing deprivation scales such as indexing, missing dimensions and threshold; ii) empirically assesses the extent of possible error in measurement related to these conceptual problems; and iii) offer an alternative way for constructing deprivation measures to mitigate the identified conceptual problems. The thesis consists of four stand-alone papers, accompanied by an overarching introduction and conclusion. The first three papers provide empirical evidence on the empirical consequences of the missing dimensions and threshold problems for the measurement and analysis of poverty, while the fourth paper exemplifies a concept-led multidimensional design that can reduce the error introduced by these conceptual problems. The analysis is generally held for 25 EU countries using European Survey of Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC); only in the second paper, the analysis is done for the UK using British Household Panel Survey (BHPS).
Supervisor: Walker, Robert ; Bukodi, Erzsebet Sponsor: Barnett Scholarship
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Poverty measurement ; Multidimensional poverty ; Material deprivation ; European poverty measures ; data-driven vs. concept-led measurement ; Multidimensional measurement of poverty ; out-of-pocket payments ; cost-related unmet needs ; Multidimensionality of poverty ; Unmet needs ; measurement validity ; needs for education ; count data models ; equivalization ; zeros vs. counts ; zero deprivation ; Missing dimensions ; conversion factors ; determinants of deprivation ; deprivation risk vs. deprivation level ; social class gradient in deprivation ; Deprivation threshold ; needs for health ; needs for care ; unmet needs for health