Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.740770
Title: Regional cooperation addressing marine pollution from land-based activities : an interpretation of Article 207 of the Law of the Sea Convention focusing on monitoring, assessment, and surveillance of the pollution
Author: Popattanachai, Naporn
ISNI:       0000 0004 7228 9042
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2018
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Abstract:
Marine Pollution from Land-based Activities (MPLA) has long been recognised as being the biggest contributor to the deterioration of the marine environment. Despite the recognition, this source of pollution remains largely unregulated. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) is the only international agreement that regulates MPLA at the global level. However, Article 207 of the LOSC requiring States to prevent, reduce, and control MPLA has been criticised for its lack of clarity and cannot guide States’ action to fulfil their obligation. This research picks up from this ambiguity and tries to clarify the substance of Article 207 of the LOSC. It specifically focuses on the regional aspect of this provision. The question of this research is 'how and to what extent should States act at the regional level to fulfil their obligation under Article 207 of the LOSC.' In so doing, it answers the question through the lens of treaty interpretation showing what the possible interpretations are and how States have interpreted Article 207 of the LOSC from their subsequent practice both at global and regional levels. To fulfil this obligation at the regional level, States have interpreted Article 207 of the LOSC as a single combined obligation treating the obligations to prevent, reduce, and control MPLA collectively. Besides, when applying at the regional level, the obligation to prevent, reduce, and control MPLA comprises four key components. In particular, at the regional level, monitoring, assessment, and surveillance of MPLA have been developed to varying degrees to be part of the regional aspect of this obligation. Monitoring and assessment of MPLA are essential and can be part of the obligation, whereas surveillance of MPLA remains to be further developed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.740770  DOI: Not available
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