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Title: Wave equations on graded groups and hypoelliptic Gevrey spaces
Author: Taranto, Chiara Alba
ISNI:       0000 0004 7229 3375
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2018
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The overall goal of this dissertation is to investigate certain classical results from harmonic analysis, replacing the Euclidean setting, the abelian structure and the elliptic Laplace operator with a non-commutative environment and hypoelliptic operators. More specifically, we consider wave equations for hypoelliptic homogeneous left-invariant operators on graded Lie groups with time-dependent non-negative propagation speeds that are Hölder-regular or even more so. The corresponding Euclidean problem has been extensively studied in the '80s and some additional results have been recently obtained by Garetto and Ruzhansky in the case of a compact Lie group. We establish sharp well-posedness results in the spirit of the classical result by Colombini, De Giorgi and Spagnolo. In this investigation, a structure reminiscent of Gevrey regularity appears, inspiring deeper investigation of certain classes of functions and a comparison with Gevrey classes. In the latter part of this thesis we discuss such Gevrey spaces associated to the sums of squares of vector fields satisfying the Hörmander condition on manifolds. This provides a deeper understanding of the Gevrey hypoellipticity of sub-Laplacians. It is known that if L is a Laplacian on a closed manifold M then the standard Gevrey space γ^s on M defined in local coordinates can be characterised by the condition that ||e^DL½sφ||L²(M) < ∞ for some D > 0. The aim in this part is to discuss the conjecture that a similar characterisation holds true if L is Hörmander's sum of squares of vector fields, with a sub-Laplacian version of the Gevrey spaces involving these vector fields only. We prove this conjecture in one direction, while in the other we show it holds for sub-Laplacians on SU(2) and on the Heisenberg group H_n.
Supervisor: Ruzhansky, Michael Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral