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Title: Efficient extraction of semantic information from medical images in large datasets using random forests
Author: Kanavati, Fahdi
ISNI:       0000 0004 7229 1425
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2017
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Large datasets of unlabelled medical images are increasingly becoming available; however only a small subset tend to be manually semantically labelled as it is a tedious and extremely time-consuming task to do for large datasets. This thesis aims to tackle the problem of efficiently extracting semantic information in the form of image segmentations and organ localisations from large datasets of unlabelled medical images. To do so, we investigate the suitability of supervoxels and random classification forests for the task. The first contribution of this thesis is a novel method for efficiently estimating coarse correspondences between pairs of images that can handle difficult cases that exhibit large variations in fields of view. The proposed methods adapts the random forest framework, which is a supervised learning algorithm, to work in an unsupervised manner by automatically generating labels for training via the use of supervoxels. The second contribution of this thesis is a method that extends our first contribution so as to be applicable efficiently on a large dataset of images. The proposed method is efficient and can be used to obtain correspondences between a large number of object-like supervoxels that are representative of organ structures in the images. The method is evaluated for the applications of organ-based image retrieval and weakly-supervised image segmentation using extremely minimal user input. While the method does not achieve image segmentation accuracies for all organs in an abdominal CT dataset compared to current fully-supervised state-of-the-art methods, it does provide a promising way for efficiently extracting and parsing a large dataset of medical images for the purpose of further processing.
Supervisor: Rueckert, Daniel ; Glocker, Ben Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral