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Title: Sonocytology : dynamic acoustic manipulation of particles and cells
Author: Skotis, Georgios D.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7226 5198
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2018
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Separating and sorting cells and micro-organisms from a heterogeneous mixture is a fundamental step in biological, chemical and clinical studies, enabling regenerative medicine, stem cell research, clinical sample preparation and improved food safety. Particle and cell manipulation by ultrasound acoustic waves provides the capability of separation of cells on the basis of their size and physical properties. Offering the advantages of relatively large microfluidic volumes in a label-free, contactless and biocompatible manner. Consequently, the discovery of alternative methods for precise manipulation of cells and particles is of highly demand. This thesis describes a novel approach of ultrasound acoustic manipulation of particles and cells. The principle of operation of the dynamic acoustic field method is described accompanied with acoustic separation simulations. Furthermore, the complete fabrication and characterisation of two types of ultrasound devices is given. The first one is a bulk acoustic wave (BAW) device and the second is a surface acoustic wave (SAW) device. Successful experiments using the BAW device for sorting different diameter particles with a range from 5 to 45 μm are demonstrated, also experiments for sorting particles depending on their density are presented. Moreover, experiments of the proposed method for sorting porcine dorcal root ganglion (DRG) cells from a heterogeneous mixture of myelin debris depending on their size are displayed. Experimental results of sorting cells depending on their stiffness are demonstrated. Experiments using the fabricated SAW device for sorting different diameter particles in a constant flow with a range from 1 μm to 10 μm are presented. Furthermore, experiments of the proposed method for sorting live from dead Htert cells depending on their mechanical properties, i.e. stiffness are displayed. As a side project a new idea for dynamic acoustic manipulation by rotating the acoustic field is demonstrated. The basic principles of this method and the simulations for verifying this concept are displayed. Experiments for sorting 10 μm from 3 μm polystyrene particles are presented, with two different types of the dynamic acoustic rotating field being examined.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering