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Title: Superconducting nanowire devices for optical quantum information processing
Author: Baker, Luke James
ISNI:       0000 0004 7226 4742
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2018
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Near infrared photons are a promising choice for quantum information processing; their low transmission loss is necessary for applications such as long distance Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) in optical fibre and integrated quantum optics. An ideal proof-of-concept test of such applications would be to create, manipulate and detect single photons on a monolithic chip. Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors promise high system detection efficiencies, low dark count and low jitter under near-infrared photon illumination. Superconducting nanowire devices using NbTiN films show improved coupling efficiencies with the aid of oxidized silicon cavities. NbTiN devices were characterised in a fibre-coupled package, achieving high SDE (43%) coherent key generation rates over 200km in a T12 QKD protocol simulation. Hairpin superconducting nanowires offer excellent integration with silicon waveguide optics and can achieve near unity absorption efficiencies. Hairpin devices fabricated from MoSi films were characterised using a custom pulse tube He-3 cryostat engineered for low vibration operation at 350mK and capable of near-infrared optical maps of superconducting nanowires. The devices exhibited high critical currents 40uA), low jitter (51ps) and a dark count rate <10cps. Tests of perpendicular coupling efficiencies yield low system detection efficiencies due to high coupling losses. Using an alternative coupling method via grating couplers or cleave mounting, it is expected a much higher system detection efficiency can be achieved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics ; TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering