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Title: Modification of graphene for applications in optoelectronic devices
Author: Jones, Gareth Francis
ISNI:       0000 0004 7225 7809
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 2017
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In this thesis, we investigate how the optical and electronic properties of graphene may be modified in proximity to various other materials. We present several examples of how modification in this way can help make graphene better suited for specific device applications. We develop a method of up-scaling the fabrication of FeCl3-intercalated few-layer graphene from micron-sized flakes to macroscopic films so that it may be used as a transparent electrode in flexible light-emitting devices. We also find that photo-responsive junctions can be arbitrarily written into FeCl3-intercalated few-layer graphene by means of optical lithography. These junctions produce photocurrent signals that are directly proportional to incident optical power over an extended range compared to other graphene photodetectors. Through theoretical analysis of these junctions, we conclude that the enhanced cooling of hot carriers with lattice phonons is responsible for this behaviour. Finally, we trial rubrene single crystals as the light-absorbing layer in a graphene phototransistor. We find that rubrene single crystal-graphene interfaces exhibit enhanced charge transfer efficiencies under illumination with extremely weak light signals. Through a comparative study with similar devices, we conclude that the wide variation in sensitivity amongst graphene phototransistors is largely due to extraneous factors relating to device geometry and measurement conditions.
Supervisor: Russo, Saverio ; Craciun, Monica Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; Royal Society
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Semiconductor physics ; graphene ; optoelectronics ; photodetector ; two dimensional materials