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Title: Papa-parimocana : Sanskrit text and Newari commentary
Author: Brough, John
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1945
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The manuscript on which the present edition of the Papa - parimocana depends (Cambridge University Library, Add. 1276) was wrought from Nepal with numerous other Buddhist am Brahmanical manuscripts by Dr. D. Wright. It was described by Bendall in his Catalogue of the Buddhist Sanskrit Manuscripts as "a treatise on ceremonial, uttered by i,:añ juári" (1 . Similarly, J' rgensen, who used some of its material for his .rewári Dictionary, characterised it as "a ritualistic text in Sanskrit, with a 'rewari commentary. A modern and bacilli written MS, presenting great difficulties to the understanding." Apart from these notices the work has received no attention in the west, and so far as I am aware, no other manuscript of it is known to exist. It should be noted, however, that these descriptions are somewhat misleading. If a brief description of the work is wanted, it might be called "a manual of ritual purity, and purification''. It is in fact a sun ary of many of the topics treated in the Brahmanical C.rhya and Dharma Sutras and : mrtis. The astonishing thing, however, is that it is not a Brahmanical but Buddhist work. The Luddhism which has been most studied in the West has been the early :suddhism of the Pali Tipitaka on the one hand, and the transcendental philosophical doctrines of the early r; ahäyána on the other. The Pipa- parimocana belongs to a totally different sphere of religious tho; ;ht from either of those. It is essentially a book representative of the every -day religion of the la:,;-man, and is as little concerned with theology as is the average European Christian. The work will therefore doubtless be displeasing to such western readers as are accustomed to consider some particular branch of tuddhist philosophy as the "essential" of budchism, and to regard deviations therefrom as, at the very least, regretable lapses. but from the wider point of vies, of the student of religions, it posses :,es a very considerable interest, treating as it does of matters which chiefly concern lay -men, and giving us a very fair picture of the type of rules and regulations with which the life of the ordinary believer was governed. The whole work is put into the mouth of the Buddha Sákyamuni, and the various sections are introduced by Questions from the Bodhisattva Majudri. It begins with a somewhat sketchy description of the course of a man's life from the Garbhádhána, amai.tonnayana, etc., up to the initiation. In this part there are few purely Buddhist characteristics, almost the only trace being the addition of Bodhisattvas to une standard Brhhmanical list of Fathers, Gods, and Rsis (10), and the mantra c.ùoted in 14 14. The Jar -worship does not appear in the Grhya Sútras, and it is no doubt a Buddhist innovation, appearing as it does prominently in the modern .:epalese ritual of the Pravra yä -ordination. The ideas behind it are essentially Tantric, and it may be that the rite belongs to the common stock to which both Hindu and Buddhist Tantras must be traced back.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Litt.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available