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Title: Pharmacological characterization of chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) as a potential therapeutic target in cancer
Author: Basheer, Haneen Adel Daoud
ISNI:       0000 0004 7227 2224
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2017
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The expression of CCR7 was evaluated in different cancer cell lines by using flow cytometry, western blot, Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. We showed for the selected cell lines that the expression is maintained in cells grown as spheroids, and xenoplanted in mice. Furthermore, we showed the expression of CCR7 correlates with stage of the disease in patient derived head and neck cancer tissue. We also showed that expression of CCR7 in cancer cell lines correlates with migratory aptitude towards CCL21 in a scratch assay, Boyden chamber assay and spheroid invasion assay. We then showed that the expression of CCR7 is elevated under serum starvation and under hypoxia in cancer cell lines grown as monolayers and as spheroids; and that there is a correlation between hypoxia and CCR7 expression in spheroids, xenografted cells and clinical cancer tissue. However, we found that in cell line OSC-19, the increase in the expression of CCR7 did not correlate to increased migration. Our investigations following this observation showed that whilst hypoxia increases the expression of CCR7, it concurrently causes a decrease in reactive oxygen species (ROS) which strongly abrogates migratory aptitude in OSC-19, resulting in an overall loss of migration in OSC-19 cells. In addition, we characterised OSC-19 as a suitable model to evaluate small molecule CCR7 antagonists using a number of different assays. In particular, we showed that ICT13069 antagonised response of this cell line across a number of drivers of malignancy such as migration, invasion in 2D and 3D models.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Zarqa University
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Cancer ; Chemokine receptor 7 ; CCR7 ; Therapeutic target ; Pharmacology