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Title: Investigation of mechanisms of drug resistance in colorectal cancer : a proteomic and pharmacological study using newly developed drug-resistant human cell line subclones
Author: Duran, M. Ortega
ISNI:       0000 0004 7227 2216
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 2017
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Despite therapeutic advances, colorectal cancer still has a 45% mortality rate, and one of the most crucial problems is the development of acquired resistance to treatment with anticancer drugs. Thus the aims of this project are to develop drug-resistant colon cancer cell lines in order to identify mechanisms of resistance for the most commonly drugs used in colorectal cancer: 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan. Following evaluation of drug sensitivity to these agents in an initial panel of eight colorectal cancer cell lines, 3 lines (DLD-1, KM-12 and HT-29) were selected for the development of 5-FU (3 lines), oxaliplatin (2) and irinotecan (1) resistant sublines by continuous drug exposure, with resistance confirmed using the MTT assay. Consistently resistant sublines were subject to a „stable isotope labelling with amino acids in cell culture‟ (SILAC) approach and a MudPIT proteomics strategy, employing 2D LC and Orbitrap Fusion mass spectrometric analysis, to identify novel predictive biomarkers for resistance. An average of 3622 proteins was quantified for each resistant and parent cell line pair, with on average 60-70 proteins up-regulated and 60-70 down-regulated in the drug resistant sublines. The validity of this approach was further confirmed using immunodetection techniques. These studies have provided candidate proteins which can be assessed for their value as predictive biomarkers, or as therapeutic targets for the modulation of acquired drug resistance in colorectal cancer.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Colorectal cancer ; 5-Fluorouracil ; Oxaliplatin ; Irinotecan ; Drug resistance ; Proteomics ; SILAC ; Chemotherapy ; Protein interactions ; Chemosensitivity assays