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Title: Exploring participation as a new perspective for child oral health promotion
Author: Elyousfi, Sarab M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 7225 8692
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2018
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Background: Despite a call for participatory child-centred approaches in oral health there remains a lack of research regarding children's participation in oral health promotion. The aim of this study is to explore the meaning and dynamics of children's participation within an oral health promotion programme. Method: This study involved an ethnographic-case study approach. Data collection involved participant observation of children and Early Years Professionals (EYP's) within 2 toothbrushing clubs set in 2 nurseries over a period of 9 months. In addition, 6 semi-structured interviews were conducted with EYP's and oral health promotion professionals. Purposive sampling was used to select the nurseries. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Results: The model of children's participation provided by educational pedagogy in early years education provides a better understanding for facilitating and enabling child participation within a nursery setting. Children's participation in the toothbrushing club was significantly shaped by the setting, the practitioners' capacity and their views of children's participation and childhood. Discussion and conclusions: Children's participation in toothbrushing clubs may be better understood from a relational perspective which values interactions and places emphasis on the adult as the enabler of participation. This perspective has implication for health promotion and has yet to be fully appreciated in oral health promotion. There appears to be a discrepancy between policy and practice resulting in the mouth still being separated from the body and oral health viewed in isolation to general health by policy makers. The nurseries in this study each took on a different approach to their toothbrushing club. The capacity of each nursery may influence the approaches that EYPs adopt in promoting oral health. This highlights the importance of the need for capacity building through continuous professional development of staff-human resources.
Supervisor: Owens, Janine ; Gibson, Barry Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available