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Title: Control of large offshore wind turbines
Author: Tong, Xin
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2017
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Several control strategies are proposed to improve overall performances of conventional (geared equipped) and hydrostatic offshore wind turbines. Firstly, to maximise energy capture of a conventional turbine, an adaptive torque control technique is proposed through simplifying the conventional extremum seeking control algorithm. Simulations are conducted on the popular National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) monopile 5-MW baseline turbine. The results demonstrate that the simplified ESC algorithms are quite effective in maximising power generation. Secondly, a TMD (tuned mass damper) system is configured to mitigate loads on a monopile turbine tower whose vibrations are typically dominated by its first mode. TMD parameters are obtained via H2 optimisation based on a spatially discretised tower-TMD model. The optimal TMDs are assessed through simulations using the NREL monopile 5-MW baseline model and achieve substantial tower load reductions. In some cases it is necessary to damp tower vibrations induced by multiple modes and it is well-known that a single TMD is lack of robustness. Thus a control strategy is developed to suppress wind turbine’s vibrations (due to multiple modes) using multiple groups of TMDs. The simulation studies demonstrate the superiority of the proposed methods over traditional ones. Thirdly, the NREL 5-MW baseline turbine model is transformed into a hydrostatic wind turbine (HWT). An H∞ loop-shaping torque controller and a light detection and ranging-based linear-parameter-varying anti-windup pitch controller are designed for the HWT. The tests on a monopile HWT model indicate good tracking behaviours of the torque controller and much improved performances of the linear-parameter-varying pitch controller over a gain-scheduled PI pitch controller. Finally, the hydraulic reservoir of a barge HWT is made into a bidirectional-tuned- liquid-column-damper (BTLCD) to suppress barge pitch and roll motions. The simulation results validate the effectiveness of the optimal BTLCD reservoir in reducing the tower loads and power fluctuations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery