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Title: The effects of sulfasalazine, its metabolites and related compounds, on mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation
Author: Webb, Christopher John Anthony Luke
Awarding Body: University of Leicester
Current Institution: University of Leicester
Date of Award: 1992
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Salicylazosulfapyridine (SASP), used in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), comprises sulfapyridine (SP) azo linked to 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). SASP inhibited mitogen-induced, human, and murine, T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation in vitro. Efficient suppression was attained at supra-physiological levels of SASP; equimolar SP was slightly inhibitory, 5-ASA, negligible. SASP-mediated suppression (SMS) was not due to cytotoxicity, nor to a concerted effect of SP and 5-ASA; the drug appeared to influence lymphocytes rather than macrophages. The action of SASP and various 5-ASA azo compounds on mouse splenocyte responses to Concanavalin A (Con A), were further analyzed. SMS was dependent on serum, and mitogen, concentrations, and cell numbers, in culture. SMS was abrogated by washing SASP-containing Con A cultures drug-free after 24 hours, perhaps suggesting that SASP interferes with a cellular signal effecting the transition of lymphocytes from G1 to S phase. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) failed to reverse SMS, possibly implying that SASP impedes the binding of IL-2 to its cellular receptor, a mechanism which may be germane to its therapeutic activity in RA. All SASP analogues tested were much weaker suppressants than SASP; olsalazine (two azo-linked 5-ASA molecules) was the strongest, although its isomers containing 4-ASA were markedly less potent. It was inferred from the findings of several SASP analogue studies, that both the SP and 5-ASA groups within the intact SASP structure, were required for SMS. SMS of phytohaemagglutinin-induced RA lymphocyte proliferation in vitro, declined in clinical "responders", after 12 weeks of SASP therapy; this change in lymphocyte behaviour was absent in unresponsive RA patients. Possible explanations are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available