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Title: Generalised radio resource sharing framework for heterogeneous radio networks
Author: Abozariba, Raouf
ISNI:       0000 0004 6500 8927
Awarding Body: Staffordshire University
Current Institution: Staffordshire University
Date of Award: 2017
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Recent years have seen a significant interest in quantitative measurements of licensed and unlicensed spectrum use. Several research groups, companies and regulatory bodies have conducted studies of varying times and locations with the aim to capture the over- all utilisation rate of spectrum. The studies have shown that large amount of allocated spectrum are under-utilised, and create the so called "spectrum holes", resulting in a waste of valuable frequency resources. In order to satisfy the requirements of increased demands of spectrum resources and to improve spectrum utilisation, dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS) is proposed in the literature along with cognitive radio networks (CRNs). DSS and CRNs have been studied from many perspectives, for example spectrum sensing to identify the idle channels has been under the microscope to improve detection proba- bility. As well as spectrum sensing, the DSS performance analysis remains an important topic moving towards better spectrum utilisation to meet the exponential growth of traffic demand. In this dissertation we have studied both techniques to achieve different objectives such as enhancing the probability of detection and spectrum utilisation. In order to improve spectrum sensing decisions we have proposed a cooperative spec- trum sensing scheme which takes the propagation conditions into consideration. The proposed location aware scheme shows an improved performance over conventional hard combination scheme, highlighting the requirements of location awareness in cognitive radio networks (CRNs). Due to the exponentially growing wireless applications and services, traffic demand is increasing rapidly. To cope with such growth wireless network operators seek radio resource cooperation strategies for their users with the highest possible grade of service (GoS). However, it is difficult to fathom the potential benefits of such cooperation, thus we propose a set of analytical models for DSS to analyse the blocking probability gain and degradation for operators. The thesis focuses on examining the performance gains that DSS can entail, in different scenarios. A number of dynamic spectrum sharing scenarios are proposed. The proposed models focus on measuring the blocking probability of secondary network operators as a trade-off with a marginal increase of the blocking probability of a primary network in return of monetary rewards. We derived the global balance equation and an explicit expression of the blocking probability for each model. The robustness of the proposed analytical models is evaluated under different scenarios by considering varying tra�c intensities, different network sizes and adding reserved resources (or pooled capacity). The results show that the blocking probabilities can be reduced significantly with the proposed analytical DSS models in comparison to the existing local spectrum access schemes. In addition to the sharing models, we further assume that the secondary operator aims to borrow spectrum bandwidths from primary operators when more spectrum resources available for borrowing than the actual demand considering a merchant mode. Two optimisation models are proposed using stochastic optimisation models in which the secondary operator (i) spends the minimum amount of money to achieve the target GoS assuming an unrestricted budget or (ii) gains the maximum amount of profit to achieve the target GoS assuming restricted budget. Results obtained from each model are then compared with results derived from algorithms in which spectrum borrowings were random. Comparisons showed that the gain in the results obtained from our proposed stochastic optimisation model is significantly higher than heuristic counterparts. A post-optimisation performance analysis of the operators in the form of analysis of blocking probability in various scenarios is investigated to determine the probable per- formance gain and degradation of the secondary and primary operators respectively. We mathematically model the sharing agreement scenario and derive the closed form solution of blocking probabilities for each operator. Results show how the secondary and primary operators perform in terms of blocking probability under various offered loads and sharing capacity. The simulation results demonstrate that at most trading windows, the proposed opti- mal algorithms outperforms their heuristic counterparts. When we consider 80 cells, the proposed profit maximisation algorithm results in 33.3% gain in net pro�t to the secondary operators as well as facilitating 2.35% more resources than the heuristic ap- proach. In addition, the cost minimisation algorithm results in 46.34% gain over the heuristic algorithm when considering the same number of cells (80).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available